The motive is criterion of allocation of separate kinds of activity: educational, labor, etc. Concrete activity can correspond not to one motive, and at once several, i.e. to be polymotivated. Thanks to communication with requirement, the motive carries out function of motivation of the person to activity and gives sense to separate actions, the purposes and conditions of their achievement.
Social requirements - in attachment, belonging to collective, communication, care about other, attention to itself, participation in joint work. Elton Meyo dug out such characteristic of the personality as a sotsiabelnost in due time. It is difficult for person to endure the unemployment period, retirement.
To connect the person to the solution of this or that task, it is necessary to manage to find that motivation which would induce it to action. And only at the corresponding motivations it is possible to inspire people on the solution of complex and supercomplex challenges.
Personal development and professional growth. Now there is an evolution of views of managers of the attitude towards the personality. Earlier main attention was paid to professional development of workers, now - to development of human resources, and in firms and at the enterprises sootavestvuyushchy services are created. Admits that the contribution to personal development of workers has both economic and humanitarian value.
Stimulation as a method of impact on labor behavior of the worker is mediated through his motivation. At stimulation motivation to work happens in the form of compensation for labor efforts. Impact through incentives is usually made more strongly than direct influence, but on the organization it is more difficult than the last.
In that measure in what counter flows of incentives and motives will be coordinated, will be effective and stimulation, and, on the contrary, their mismatch reduces effect of stimulation. Therefore, one of important administrative tasks is ensuring such impact of incentives on motives (requirements) which would cause the most expedient for the organization labor behavior of workers.
At a choice of ways of stimulation it is expedient to consider provisions of F.Khertsberg who proved that in the organization work not only incentives, but also anti-incentives. F. Hertsberg believed that possibilities of workers not always correspond to the functions assigned to them. Many people are engaged in business, uninteresting for themselves.
Physical requirements - in reproduction of people, food, breath, the physical movements, clothes, the dwelling, rest, etc. The major incentive to their satisfaction - money, i.e. prospect of an economic solvency, life without material deprivations. Today for many of us significantly material stimulation - high earnings which provide worthy existence.
On the one hand, orientation to achievement as a result of socialism of social justice for all workers did leading the principle of public comparison of achievements in work, and also the corresponding remuneration. On such approach also socialist competition, and also the movement of an udarnichestvo was oriented.
Remunerations. Remuneration now usually includes not only a salary, but also it is a lot of other payments, and also the days off and especially additional benefits: housing, personal medical insurance, personal cars, etc.
On the other hand, the general for all spheres of work a long time were served by motive of work for creation of bright future. Huge value of the end result of work not only for working, but also for their children, the future generations served as motive of work. The theory of expectation with beyond all bounds far future, with inaccessible results of activity was realized. Eventually and absence of results approach to motivation of work lost the efficiency.
Model of human resources. It proceeds from a parcel that most of people can belong to work creatively and are ready to self-improve in it in a bigger measure, than it is required by conditions of production. This model does not neglect monetary motivation, recognizing importance and other motives.